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Digestive mycosis



Definition


Digestive fungi can affect one or more organs of the digestive tract. In general, it is candida, of the yeast family, that is at the origin. Candida albicans, the most common form involved, exists naturally in the human digestive tract and is not responsible for symptoms. The cause of the appearance of a pathogenic fungus is a digestive imbalance, or more frequently, a failure of the immune system. A digestive infection is particularly common in the advanced stages of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by HIV. In this context, the most common sites are the mouth and the esophagus.

Symptoms


The symptoms of digestive mycosis are:
  • dysphagia, difficulty eating;
  • pain upon swallowing;
  • bowel movement disorders.

Diagnosis


The diagnosis of digestive mycosis is made with the help of a serological assessment that highlights the presence of antibodies that fight the fungus. However, the interpretation of this analysis is difficult, because the fungus is already naturally present in the body. It is therefore necessary to distinguish regular fungal colonies from those responsible for the infection.

Treatment


The treatment of pathogenic digestive fungus is based on dietary rehabilitation to restore the intestinal balance. As for the medication that accompanies this diet, it is composed of antimycotics: the molecule most often used is fluconazole. In case of an oral irritation, amphotericin B can be used locally. Meanwhile in case of immunosuppression, treatment of the disease in question will be taken on directly.

Prevention


To prevent digestive fungus, one must strive to maintain a balanced diet. In the immunocompromised person, the maintenance of the highest possible immunity prevents the pathogenicity of Candida.
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